A typical workplace of the early 2020s

In today’s workplaces, multi-touch surface computing and augmented reality are becoming ubiquitous – along with seamless integration of wireless devices and applications. This combination of advanced technologies is leading to greatly improved speed, productivity and efficiency in companies around the world. Near-paperless offices are becoming a reality, while broadband in the terabyte range is commonplace.

An increasingly global talent pool is emerging, with companies aggressively pursuing the best available workers, regardless of where they reside. Telecommuting has grown tremendously as a result. As well as this, soaring fuel costs have led to many employees working a four-day week, usually consisting of four 10-hour days.

In an effort to cut real-estate costs, become more eco-friendly and attract the growing number of people who want increased work-life balance, more and more companies are adopting a “work wherever you want, whenever you want” policy.

Traditional microchips are reaching the limits of miniaturization


Semiconductor companies are reaching the limits of miniaturisation for computer chips. The smallest transistors are now being built with 11-nanometre manufacturing processes, which is close to the size of individual atoms. They cannot be scaled below this size, due to the effects of quantum tunnelling which affects all circuits regardless of materials used.

Moore’s Law – the trend which has seen a doubling of computing power every two years since the 1960s – enters a new paradigm shift, with traditional microchips abandoned in favour of “stacked” 3-dimensional integrated circuits.



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